The Third-Generation Web -- Web 3.0 -- is Coming in
2007 -- Nova Spivack
London, UK - 7 February 2007, 14:23 GMT - We are
grateful to Nova Spivack based in San Francisco for his submission to
ATCA, "The Third-Generation Web -- Web 3.0 -- is Coming in 2007"
which enables a number of further aspects of D2-Banking.
ATCA: The Asymmetric Threats Contingency Alliance
is a philanthropic expert initiative founded in 2001 to resolve complex
global challenges through collective Socratic dialogue and joint executive
action to build a wisdom based global economy. Adhering to the doctrine
of non-violence, ATCA addresses opportunities and threats arising from
climate chaos, radical poverty, organised crime & extremism, advanced
technologies -- bio, info, nano, robo & AI, demographic skews, pandemics
and financial systems. Present membership of ATCA is by invitation only
and has over 5,000 distinguished members from over 100 countries: including
several from the House of Lords, House of Commons, EU Parliament, US Congress
& Senate, G10's Senior Government officials and over 1,500 CEOs from
financial institutions, scientific corporates and voluntary organisations
as well as over 750 Professors from academic centres of excellence worldwide.
Dear ATCA Colleagues; dear IntentBloggers
[Please note that the views presented by individual contributors
are not necessarily representative of the views of ATCA, which is neutral.
ATCA conducts collective Socratic dialogue on global opportunities and
We are grateful to Nova Spivack based in San Francisco for his submission
to ATCA, "The Third-Generation Web -- Web 3.0 -- is Coming in 2007"
which enables a number of further aspects of D2-Banking.
Nova Spivack is a technology visionary and entrepreneur with nearly
two decades of experience in pioneering ventures. In 1994, he co-founded
EarthWeb, one of the first Internet companies. EarthWeb went public
in 1999 and resulted in the Nasdaq's largest IPO single-day percentage
point gain up to that point, spawning a wave of Tech IPOs. While at
EarthWeb he helped key cultural institutions and businesses develop
their first large-scale Web presences, including the New York Stock
Exchange, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, BMG Music Club, Sony, AT&T,
US West, and others. He also helped to catalyze the adoption of Java
technology by leading the production of large on communities for the
IT professionals, including Gamelan.com, Developer.com, and Datamation.com.
Prior to EarthWeb, he worked in a variety of roles from technology marketing
to software engineering at artificial intelligence and next-generation
computing ventures including Individual, Inc., Ray Kurzweil's pioneering
OCR company, Kurzweil Computer Products which was sold to Xerox, and
at Danny Hillis's legendary supercomputing venture, Thinking Machines.
Nova Spivack has extensive experience working on knowledge representation
and the Semantic Web, and has authored and helped to design several
large (500 to 3,000 class) ontologies in the OWL language, the W3C open
standard for ontology specifications. He has also been a lead advisor
to SRI International on the DARPA CALO program, a distributed research
program encompassing several hundred top researchers across over 20
major research institutions focused on next-generation semantically-aware
machine learning applications, and in particular on the IRIS Semantic
Desktop project. Also with SRI and Sarnoff Laboratories, Mr Spivack
helped to co-found nVention, SRI's in-house technology incubator. He
has co-authored several books on Internet strategy and technology and
led the EarthWeb Press publishing imprint with Macmillan Computer Publishing.
He has been featured and cited in Business Week, CNN, CNBC, CBS Evening
News, CNN-FN, Discovery Channel, The New York Times, Washington Post,
WIRED Magazine, Chronicle of Philanthropy, Communications Week, Interactive
Week, Internet World, Reuters, Newsweek, Red Herring, Silicon Alley
Reporter, Interactive Age, Web Week, Java Developer's Journal, and has
spoken at numerous conferences and industry events. He also helped to
invent key technologies for interactive television and Web convergence
in the early days of the Web, as well as several pending patents for
Nova Spivack has a BA in Philosophy, with a focus on cognitive science
and artificial intelligence, from Oberlin College and a CSS degree from
the International Space University, a NASA-funded graduate professional
business school for the space industry. In 1999, he flew to the edge
of space with Space Adventures and did micro-gravity parabolic flight
training with the Russian Air Force. Mr Spivack's weblog, Minding the
Planet, focuses on Radar Networks and emerging technologies. He writes:
Dear DK and Colleagues
Re: The Third-Generation Web -- Web 3.0 -- is Coming in 2007
The Web is entering a new phase of evolution. There has been much debate
recently about what to call this new phase. Some would prefer to not
name it at all, while others suggest continuing to call it "Web
2.0." However, this new phase of evolution has quite a different
focus from what Web 2.0 has come to mean.
John Markoff of the New York Times recently suggested naming this third-generation
of the Web, "Web 3.0." This suggestion has led to quite a
bit of debate within the industry. Those who are attached to the Web
2.0 moniker have reacted by claiming that such a term is not warranted
while others have responded positively to the term, noting that there
is indeed a characteristic difference between the coming new stage of
the Web and what Web 2.0 has come to represent.
The term Web 2.0 was never clearly defined and even today if one asks
ten people what it means one will likely get ten different definitions.
However, most people in the Web industry would agree that Web 2.0 focuses
on several major themes, including AJAX, social networking, folksonomies,
lightweight collaboration, social bookmarking, and media sharing. While
the innovations and practices of Web 2.0 will continue to develop, they
are not the final step in the evolution of the Web.
In fact, there is a lot more in store for the Web. We are starting to
witness the convergence of several growing technology trends that are
outside the scope of what Web 2.0 has come to mean. These trends have
been gestating for a decade and will soon reach a tipping point. At
this juncture the third-generation of the Web will start.
The threshold to the third-generation Web will be crossed in 2007. At
this juncture the focus of innovation will start shift back from front-end
improvements towards back-end infrastructure level upgrades to the Web.
This cycle will continue for five to ten years, and will result in making
the Web more connected, more open, and more intelligent. It will transform
the Web from a network of separately siloed applications and content
repositories to a more seamless and interoperable whole.
Because the focus of the third-generation Web is quite different from
that of Web 2.0, this new generation of the Web probably does deserve
its own name. In keeping with the naming convention established by labelling
the second generation of the Web as Web 2.0, I agree with John Markoff
that this third-generation of the Web could be called Web 3.0.
A more precise timeline and definition might go as follows:
Web 1.0. -- Web 1.0 was the first generation of the Web. During this
phase the focus was primarily on building the Web, making it accessible,
and commercializing it for the first time. Key areas of interest centred
on protocols such as HTTP, open standard mark-up languages such as HTML
and XML, Internet access through ISP's, the first Web browsers, Web
development platforms and tools, Web-centric software languages such
of the Web and Web business models, and the growth of key portals on
Web 2.0. -- According to the Wikipedia, Web 2.0 is defined as: "Web
2.0, a phrase coined by O'Reilly Media in 2004, refers to a supposed
second generation of Internet-based services - such as social networking
sites, Wikis, communication tools, and folksonomies - that emphasize
online collaboration and sharing among users." I would also add
to this definition another trend which has been a major factor in Web
2.0 - namely, the emergence of the mobile Internet and mobile devices
(including camera phones) as a major new platform driving the adoption
and growth of the Web, particularly outside of the United States.
Web 3.0. -- Using the same pattern as the above Wikipedia definition,
Web 3.0 could be defined as: "Web 3.0, a phrase coined by John
Markoff of the New York Times in 2006, refers to a supposed third generation
of Internet-based services that collectively comprise what might be
called "the intelligent Web" -- such as those using semantic
web, microformats, natural language search, data-mining, machine learning,
recommendation agents, and artificial intelligence technologies - which
emphasize machine-facilitated understanding of information in order
to provide a more productive and intuitive user experience."
Web 3.0 Expanded Definition. I propose expanding the above definition
of Web 3.0 to be a bit more inclusive. There are actually several major
technology trends that are about to reach a new level of maturity at
the same time. The simultaneous maturity of these trends is mutually
reinforcing, and collectively they will drive the third-generation Web.
From this broader perspective, Web 3.0 might be defined as a third-generation
of the Web enabled by the convergence of several key emerging technology
§ Broadband adoption
§ Mobile Internet access
§ Mobile devices
§ Software-as-a-service business models
§ Web services interoperability
§ Distributed computing (P2P, grid computing, hosted "cloud
computing" server farms such as Amazon S3)
§ Open API's and protocols
§ Open data formats
§ Open-source software platforms
§ Open data (Creative Commons, Open Data License, etc.)
§ Open identity (OpenID)
§ Open reputation
§ Portable identity and personal data (for example, the ability
to port your user account and search history from one service to another)
The Intelligent Web
§ Semantic Web technologies (RDF, OWL, SWRL, SPARQL, Semantic application
platforms, and statement-based datastores such as triplestores, tuplestores
and associative databases)
§ Distributed databases -- or what I call "The World Wide
Database" (wide-area distributed database interoperability enabled
by Semantic Web technologies)
§ Intelligent applications (natural language processing, machine
learning, machine reasoning, autonomous agents)
We look forward to your further thoughts, observations and views.
For and on behalf of DK Matai, Chairman, Asymmetric Threats Contingency
ATCA: The Asymmetric Threats Contingency Alliance
is a philanthropic expert initiative founded in 2001 to resolve complex global
challenges through collective Socratic dialogue and joint executive action
to build a wisdom based global economy. Adhering to the doctrine of non-violence,
ATCA addresses opportunities and threats arising from climate chaos, radical
poverty, organised crime & extremism, advanced technologies -- bio, info,
nano, robo & AI, demographic skews, pandemics and financial systems. Present
membership of ATCA is by invitation only and has over 5,000 distinguished
members from over 100 countries: including several from the House of Lords,
House of Commons, EU Parliament, US Congress & Senate, G10's Senior Government
officials and over 1,500 CEOs from financial institutions, scientific corporates
and voluntary organisations as well as over 750 Professors from academic centres
of excellence worldwide.
Intelligence Unit | mi2g | tel +44 (0) 20 7712 1782 fax +44 (0) 20
7712 1501 | internet www.mi2g.net
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